Colorado State Senator Julie Gonzalez makes a point during a news conference to launch a campaign for an affordable housing measure on the November general election ballot, Tuesday, Sept. 13, 2022, in Aurora, Colo. The measure, which is named Make Colorado Affordable, would put up to 0.1 percent of the state's existing taxable income toward solving the housing crisis that affects all parts of the Centennial State. (AP Photo/David Zalubowski)
  • Colorado Housing Ballot Initiative
  • Colorado Housing Ballot Initiative

AURORA |  Fed up with sky-high housing prices, Coloradans are taking the issue into their own hands with a November ballot initiative that would direct a portion of the state’s income taxes to affordable housing projects.

As housing crises bubble up nationwide, Colorado’s Proposition 123 is the first statewide housing initiative in the country to make the ballot for the 2022 election, according to a database of ballot measures maintained by the National Conference of State Legislatures.

“We’ve reached a tipping point and we cannot continue to wait on the sidelines and hope that something happens,” Jackie Millet, mayor of Lone Tree, told a campaign kickoff event Tuesday in Aurora.

If the measure passes, it would direct .1% of Colorado’s income taxes to a number of programs that include helping essential workers, such as teachers and nurses, become homeowners, while financially supporting local governments in increasing the number of affordable homes by 3% every year.

The campaign says the measure could raise around $300 million annually and build 170,000 homes and rental units over two decades, with a focus on giving local governments the ability to decide how best to spend money raised by the measure.

Recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau found that Colorado faces a shortage of about 225,000 homes.

Proponents said Proposition 123 could help make up that deficit while avoiding a tax hike.

But the money is also expected to eat into tax refunds guaranteed to residents under a constitutional amendment called the Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights. Colorado’s TABOR caps the amount of money the government can spend annually and mandates refunds of any revenue surpassing that cap.

Any changes to TABOR must be approved by voters.

“There’s nothing affordable about taking $300 million of our TABOR tax refunds for a flawed housing measure,” said Michael Fields, senior adviser for Advance Colorado Action, a conservative advocacy group. Fields added that “nobody really knows how many new units would be created by this measure.”

Advocates are optimistic about the proposition’s chances of passing, believing that the hike in rents and home values brought on by the pandemic will encourage Coloradans of any political party to vote for the initiative.

A poll from The Colorado Health Foundation suggests that 86% of Coloradans said housing costs are a serious concern.

“State by state by state, we can be doing more,” said Julie Gonzales, a Democratic state senator and backer of the initiative. She added that the federal government needs to step up as well.

Jordan McDonald, a certified nursing assistant, said that she and her husband, who is a teacher, have been unable to find an affordable home as they expect their first daughter.

Fewer than one-fifth of homes in the state in 2021 were affordable on an average teacher’s salary in their respective district, according to an August report from the Keystone Policy Center.

“We need more of our elected officials to step up to the plate on this issue,” said McDonald.


Jesse Bedayn is a corps member for the Associated Press/Report for America Statehouse News Initiative. Report for America is a nonprofit national service program that places journalists in local newsrooms to report on undercovered issues. Follow Bedayn on Twitter.


This story has been updated to correct to $300 million the amount expected to be raised annually by the initiative.


5 replies on “Coloradans asking voters for tax cash for affordable housing projects”

  1. Working towards affordable housing is a step we need to take. However, using the TABOR funding is a weak excuse. Here’s why. Couple years ago, despite voters in the state saying no, Colorado voted up a tax increase. Inside the language of the bill, this increase in taxes was specifically not to be included in TABOR like all taxes in the state are supposed. They actually overcollect taxes, violate the state’s laws, then come back and act as if the TABOR is all the tax money available. I’m all for affordable housing. Im all for using a small portion of our tax dollars to benefit people instead of just funding incarceration and bad politics. But the idea that the TABOR is a good measurement of the tax money Colorado is putting in is ludicrous. How can that be true if they can just pass a new tax law that violates it as they have already done?

  2. Back the train up. Explain “affordable”
    I bought a house 20 yrs ago. Couldn’t afford it today. Can’t afford $700 car pmt either. When will that become “affordable”? Let’s get down to the basics. We need smaller homes but developers can’t make millions like that. AND those little affordable houses increase in value, why? Population! Need more be said?

  3. Rather we State taxes on wealthy, say over $400,000 income a year be taxed at higher rate and also large corporations, and that revenue go into building more affordable housing. This proposal described in article will affect lower and income taxpayers who are the ones hurt by lack of affordable housing, since Tabor refunds will be reduced which go to them, and wealthy who use loopholes to avoid taxes or corporations that do the same will be unaffected.

  4. Wouldn’t it have been nice if they could have just kept the $750.00 refund each of us received? People generally do not like taxing themselves.

  5. More government intervention will not solve this problem. Look at literally any other city throwing tons of money at affordable housing initiatives. They do not work.

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