AURORA | The City of Aurora has agreed to pay $15 million to settle a lawsuit filed by the family of Elijah McClain, a total more than double what the city has paid to settle all suits related to its local police department in the past decad, the city and family attorneys announced Friday.
As first reported earlier in the week by Brian Maass with CBS4 in Denver, the $15 million sum to be paid to McClain’s parents, Sheneen McClain and Lawayne Mosley, is by far the largest sum awarded to anyone to have alleged abuse at the hands of Aurora police in court.
A federal magistrate judge accepted terms of the settlement after a mediation session, said Qusair Mohamedbhai, an attorney for McClain’s mother, Sheneen McClain.
Outside court, Sheneen McClain said she was glad to have the agreement finalized but noted the work of fighting for justice for her son just makes her miss him more.
“The money is just the world’s way of saying, ‘We’re sorry,’ but it’s not going to help me heal the hole in my heart,” she said.
The settlement amount was agreed to in July but not officially disclosed until now because of a dispute between McClain’s parents about how the wording of the agreement could impact their dispute over how the money should be divided. Sheneen McClain said Elijah’s father, LaWayne Mosley, was not involved in raising him. How the money will be divided will be addressed separately.
The previous high-water city mark for a payout tied to an incident involving Aurora police was the $2.6 million given to the family of Naeschylus Carter-Vinzant, who in March 2015 was shot and killed while walking down an Aurora street.
The family of Richard “Gary” Black, the 73-year-old Vietnam War veteran who was shot and killed by an Aurora police officer responding to a home invasion in July 2018, received $1.5 million from the city in March 2020, records show.
The total payout in the McClain case surpasses the $12 million the City of Louisville agreed to pay the family of Breonna Taylor in September 2020, but sits below the $27 million the City of Minneapolis gave the family of George Floyd this spring.
In a statement, Mosley did not address the dispute but said he hoped the settlement would send a message to police.
“I hope Elijah’s legacy is that police will think twice before killing another innocent person,” he said.
Mosley’s lawyer, Mari Newman, said the settlement was the largest ever in Colorado in a civil rights case and only the latest example of a new standard of accountability for police since protests over the killing of George Floyd as well as McClain.
The size of the settlement was emblematic of the harm done to both McClain’s mother and the community, Mohamedbhai said.
The lawsuit alleged the police’s violent treatment of McClain amounted to torture and was part of a pattern of racially biased policing that has involved aggression and violence against Black people. Paramedics also injected him with a powerful sedative.
Attorneys who previously represented Sheneen McClain but now only represent Mosley first filed their federal civil rights lawsuit over Elijah McClain’s death last summer.
The 23-year-old massage therapist’s death received renewed national attention in summer 2020 after months of protests rocked the zeitgeist. McClain died after Aurora authorities detained, restrained and sedated him with an excessive dose of ketamine while he was walking home from a convenience store on Billings Street in August 2019. He was taken off life support and died several days later.
The case spurred the governor to ask the state attorney general for an additional criminal investigation, which resulted in a lengthy indictment that brought homicide charges against the Aurora cops and fire paramedics who interacted with McClain two summers ago.
How the city will pay for the forthcoming $15 million payout will, in part, fall to taxpayers. About $10 million is expected to come from a city insurance policy, while the remaining $5 million will come from the city’s general fund, which exceeded projections due pandemic-related rebounds this year.
The Aurora City Council this fall already ear-marked $5 million from the general fund pot to cover forthcoming police-related settlements in anticipation of the conclusion of the McClain suit.
Next year, insurance premiums for the city are expected to increase by about 35% due to a combination of market trends and an increase in use of force suits filed against the city, bringing the annual total to about $2.3 million, budget analysts told city council members earlier this year. This year, the city’s public liability coverage premium rose about $1.3 million, or 328%, largely because of the city’s current claims, according to city documents.
McClain’s 2019 death and his pleading words to police on body camera footage — “I’m an introvert, and I’m just different” — drew widespread attention after Floyd’s murder in Minneapolis set off global protests last year.
The local prosecutor declined to file charges against the three officers who confronted McClain, partly because an autopsy could not determine exactly how he died. However, a grand jury indicted the officers and two paramedics in September following an investigation by Attorney General Phil Weiser ordered by Gov. Jared Polis.
“No amount of money can change what happened or erase the pain and heartbreak experienced by the family over his loss,” Aurora City Manager Jim Twombly said in a news release. “This tragedy has greatly changed and shaped Aurora.”
Twombly and other city officials called the settlement an important step in restoring community trust, saying McClain’s death has led the city to take a hard look at its policies.
“There is nothing that can rectify the loss of Elijah McClain and the suffering his loved ones have endured,” Aurora Police Chief Vanessa Wilson said in the news release. “I am committed to learning from this tragedy.”
The lawsuit alleged the extreme force officers used against McClain and his struggle to survive it dramatically increased the amount of lactic acid in his system, leading to his death, possibly along with the large dose of the sedative ketamine he was given.
An outside investigation commissioned by the city faulted the police probe into McClain’s arrest for not pressing for answers about how officers treated him. It found there was no evidence justifying officers’ decision to stop McClain, who had been reported as suspicious because he was wearing a ski mask as he walked down the street waving his hands. He had not been accused of breaking any law.
One of the three officers who arrested McClain was fired last year, but not for stopping him. Jason Rosenblatt lost his job for responding “ha ha” to a photo taken by other former officers reenacting the neck hold at a memorial to McClain.
Aurora police have been plagued by other allegations of misconduct against people of color.
Last year, the department came under fire for handcuffing four Black girls who were held face down in a parking lot in a mix-up over a stolen car. Prosecutors said officers committed no crime.
This summer, an officer shown on body camera footage beating a Black man with his gun was charged with assault and resigned. Police Chief Vanessa Wilson, who took over the department last year amid the increased attention on McClain’s death, quickly denounced the officer’s actions, calling it a “very despicable act.”
On Tuesday, Weiser and city officials announced the city had agreed to reforms following a first-of-its-kind civil rights investigation by Weiser’s office that found a pattern of racially biased policing and excessive force.
A monitor who will oversee if Aurora is following the plan and meeting milestones over about five years has yet to be hired.
The Associated Press contributed to this story.